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The number of US births rose for the first time in seven years in 2021 to nearly 3.7 million, according to preliminary data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released yesterday. The data represent a 1% rise from 2020, when the birth rate dropped to a record low. The average number of children per woman over their lifetime—known as the total fertility rate—rose to just over 1.66 per woman. That figure remains below the replacement level of 2.1—the rate at which the population will, on average, replace itself.

The rebound spanned age groups, with women in their late 30s seeing the largest jump (5%), followed by women in their early 30s and early 40s (both 3%) and late 20s (2%). The number dropped for teens and women younger than 25. A Pew survey found a growing number of US adults plan to never have children, with reasons ranging from not wanting children to climate change concerns.

The news comes despite global birth rates generally declining; see projections by country here.