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At least six people, including children, have been killed and more than a dozen injured after explosions hit educational institutions in Afghanistan’s capital yesterday. The blasts happened in the mostly Shiite Hazara neighborhood of Dasht-e-Barchi in western Kabul. Hazaras are an ethnic and religious minority historically targeted by Sunni militant groups. No group has claimed responsibility for yesterday’s attack.

An Islamic State affiliate, known as IS in Khorasan Province or IS-K, has targeted the area in the past. It bombed a girls’ school in May last year, killing at least 90 people. The IS-K has presented a security challenge for the Taliban, which reclaimed power in Afghanistan in August after US troops withdrew. During that time, the IS-K bombed Kabul’s airport, killing at least 170 Afghans and 13 US service members. 

The Taliban and the IS-K have clashed since the latter’s emergence in 2015. See background on their rivalry here. See a history of the Taliban here.